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Course Detail

Course Name Advanced Foundation Engineering
Course Code 15CVL450
Program B. Tech. in Civil Engineering
Year Taught 2019


Unit 1

Foundation on expansive soils: Introduction to expansive soil – Clay mineralogy and mechanism of swelling – Identification of expansive soils – Swelling potential, swelling pressure, free swell – Free swell index – Classification of expansive soil – Tests for swell pressure (IS code method) – Prediction of swell pressure from index properties – Damages in buildings on expansive soils – Elimination of swelling – Environmental solutions such as soil replacement techniques and lime columns – Principles of design of foundations in expansive soil deposits – Structural solutions such as provision of rigid foundation, under reamed piles, T Beams as strip footing for walls etc. (basic aspects).

Unit 2

Soil dynamics and Machine foundations: Introduction to soil dynamics – Soil behavior under dynamic loads – Difference between static and dynamic load behavior of soil – Dynamic soil properties – Free vibrations and forced vibrations – Types of machines – Types of machine foundations – Vibration analysis of a machine foundation – General design criteria for machine foundations – Design criteria for foundation for reciprocating machines (IS specifications) – Design procedure for block foundation for a reciprocating machine (IS code method) – Vibration isolation and control.

Unit 3

Special foundations: Introduction to shell foundations – Structural form and efficiency – Different types of shell foundations – General principles of geotechnical design of shell foundations and soil-structure interaction.

Special features of the foundations for water tanks, silos, chimneys and transmission line towers.

Foundations for marine structures – Design principles.

Text Books

  1. Varghese P. C., “Foundation Engineering”, Prentice-Hall of India Private Ltd, 2009.
  2. Swami saran, “Soil dynamics and Machine Foundations”, Galgotias, 2012.


  • Ninan P Kurian, “Design of Foundation Systems”, Narosa Publishers, 2009
  • Shamsher Prakash, “Soil Dynamics”, McGraw Hill, 1981.
  • Tomlinson M. J., “Foundation Design & Construction”, Prentice-Hall, 2003.
  • Joseph E. Bowles, “Foundation Analysis & Design”, Tata McGraw Hill, 1996.
  • Coduto, “Geotechnical Engineering Principles and Practices”, PHI, New Delhi, 2010.
  • Srinivasalu and Vaidyanathan, “Handbook of Machine Foundations”, Tata McGraw Hill, 2004.
  • Swami Saran, “Analysis and Design of Substructures”, Oxford & IBH, 2008.

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