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Unit 1

Introduction to Sanskrit language, Devanagari script – Vowels and consonants, pronunciation, classification of consonants, conjunct consonants, words – nouns and verbs, cases – introduction, numbers, Pronouns, communicating time in Sanskrit. Practical classes in spoken Sanskrit

Unit 2

Verbs- Singular, Dual and plural – First person, Second person, Third person.

Tenses – Past, Present and Future – Atmanepadi and Parasmaipadi – karthariprayoga

Unit 3

Words for communication, slokas, moral stories, subhashithas, riddles (from the books prescribed)

Unit 4

Selected slokas from Valmiki Ramayana, Kalidasa’s works and Bhagavad Gita

Ramayana – chapter VIII – verse 5, Mahabharata – chapter 174, verse -16, Bhagavad Gita – chapter – IV verse 8, Kalidasa’s Sakuntalam Act IV – verse 4

Unit 5

Translation of simple sentences from Sanskrit to English and vice versa.

Text Books


  • Praveshaha; Publisher: Samskrita bharati, Aksharam, 8th cross, 2nd phase, girinagar, Bangalore – 560 085
  • Sanskrit Reader I, II and III, R. S. Vadhyar and Sons, Kalpathi, Palakkad
  • Prakriya Bhashyam written and published by Fr. John Kunnappally
  • Sanskrit Primer by Edward Delavan Perry, published by Ginn and Company Boston
  • Sabdamanjari, R. S. Vadyar and Sons, Kalpathi, Palakkad
  • Namalinganusasanam by Amarasimha published by Travancore Sanskrit series
  • Subhashita Ratna Bhandakara by Kashinath Sharma, published by Nirnayasagar press

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