Introduction: Benefits of biometric versus traditional techniques – Key biometric terms and processes – Verification and identification - Enrollment and template creation - Biometric matching. Accuracy in biometric systems: False match rate - False non-match rate - Failure-to-enroll rate - Derived metrics - Equal error rate - Ability-to-verify rate
Physiological biometrics: Finger scan – Facial scan – Iris scan – Components - Working principles - Competing technologies - Strengths and weaknesses – Automated fingerprint Identification systems. Behavioural biometrics signature scan – Keystroke scan – Components - Working principles - Strengths and weaknesses.
Biometric applications: Categorizing biometric applications - Criminal identification - Citizen identification – Surveillance – PC/network access – Physical access/time and attendance - Customer facing applications - E-commerce/telephony – Retail/ ATM/point of sale applications. Biometric markets: Law enforcement - government sector - Financial sector – Healthcare - travel and immigration - Biometric standards.