Vapour Power Systems: Pure substance, formation of steam, components of vapour power plant, ideal Rankine cycle, effect of boiler and condenser pressure, improving performance – super heat and reheat. Gas Power Systems: Components of diesel power plant, Internal combustion engines - terminology, classification, air standard Otto cycle and Diesel cycle, indicated power, brake power, efficiencies, specific fuel consumption. Components of gas turbine power plant, modelling of gas turbine power plant, air standard Brayton cycle, generative gas turbines.
Fluid Machinery: Classification of fluid flow, properties of fluid, pressure variation in a fluid at rest, measurement of pressure, continuity, momentum and energy equations, applications of Bernoulli equation, Components of hydro power plant, centrifugal pumps – working principle, performance characteristics. Hydraulic turbines – classification, principles and operations of Pelton wheel, Francis turbine and Kaplan turbine.
Heat Transfer: Modes of heat transfer – conduction, convection and radiation. One dimensional steady state heat conduction through plane wall and cylinder, concept of insulation, critical thickness of insulation, heat transfer from extended surfaces, heat transfer with heat generation.