Back close


Unit 1

Ultrasonics – production methods and properties – acoustic impedance – Doppler velocimetry – echo cardiography – resolution – speckle – ultrasound imaging – therapeutic use of ultrasound – use in diagnostics of cardiac problems.

X-rays – production – intensity – hard and soft X-rays – characteristic and continuous X-ray spectrum – attenuation of x-rays by hard and soft tissues – resolution – contrast X-ray imaging – fluoroscopy modes of operation – image quality – fluoroscopy suites – radiation dose – computed-aided tomography (CAT).

Unit 2

Nuclear medicine – principles of nuclear physics – natural radioactivity, decay series, type of radiation and their applications, artificially produced isotopes and its application, accelerator principles; Nuclear Isomerism, internal conversion – ideal energy for radiotherapy based on interactions. Radionuclide used in medicine – radioisotope production – dosimetry – safety – radiation hazards – PET.

Nuclear magnetic resonance physics – magnetic moment – magnetization – relaxation – nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.


Unit 3

Nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – principle – chemical shift – magnetic resonance signal induction and relaxation – pulse sequencing and spatial encoding.

Laser physics – characteristics of laser radiation, mode locking – power of laser radiation – lasers as diagnostic tool – lasers in surgery – laser speckle, biological effects, laser safety management.

Text Books

  • Hendee W R and Rittenour E E, “Medical Imaging Physics”, John Wiley & Sons, Chicago, 2001.


  • Glasser. O. Medical Physics Vol.1, 2, 3 Book Publisher Inc Chicago, 1980
  • Jerraold T Bush Berg et al, The essentials physics of medical imaging, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins (2002)

DISCLAIMER: The appearance of external links on this web site does not constitute endorsement by the School of Biotechnology/Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham or the information, products or services contained therein. For other than authorized activities, the Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham does not exercise any editorial control over the information you may find at these locations. These links are provided consistent with the stated purpose of this web site.

Admissions Apply Now