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Course Detail

Course Name Surveying
Course Code 15CVL204
Program B. Tech. in Civil Engineering
Semester Three
Year Taught 2019


Unit 1

Introduction – classification of surveys – reconnaissance – principle of working from whole to part – provision of control – conventional signs

Chain survey – instruments – principles of chain survey – field book – plotting – tie line and check line.

Compass survey – types of compass – types of bearings – dip and declination – local attraction – traversing – plotting – error of closure.

Plane table survey – two point problem – three point problem – errors in plane tabling.

Unit 2

Levelling – leveling instruments and its adjustments – fly leveling – booking – corrections for refraction and curvature – reciprocal leveling – longitudinal leveling and cross sectioning – contour surveying – definition – characteristics, methods and uses of contouring – plotting – areas and volumes – planimeter – Earthwork volume calculation. Theodolite surveying – study of theodolite and its adjustments – measurement of horizontal angles – vertical angles – heights and distances – theodolite traverse – calculation of co-ordinates – corrections – traversing conditions for closure.

Unit 3

Minor instruments – hand levels – clinometer – Ceylon ghat tracer – hypsometer – pantagraph – ediograph – box sextant – telescopic alidade. Curves – simple, transition and vertical curves – curve setting by various methods.

Tacheometric surveying – various methods – instrument constants – analytic lens – tangential system – direct reading tacheometer – subtense bar – trigonometric leveling. Total station – introduction to photogrammetry, remote sensing, global positioning systems, and Geographic information systems. EDM.

Introduction to Hydrographic surveying.

Text Books

  1. Kanetkar T. P. and Kulkarni S. V., “Surveying and Levelling”, Vol. I & II, Vidyarthi Griha Prakashan, 2006.
  2. Arora K. R., “Surveying”, Vol. I & II, Standard Publishers, 2010.


  • Bannister, A. and Baker, R., “Solving Problems in Surveying”, Addison Wesley Longman, 1996.
  • R. Agor, “Textbook of Surveying and Levelling”, Khanna Publishers, 2012.
  • S. K Duggal, “Surveying”, Vol. 1 & 2, McGraw Hill Education, 2013.
  • R. Subramanian, “Surveying and Leveling”, Oxford University Press, 2012.
  • Pradip Kumar Guha, “Remote Sensing for the Beginner”, Affiliated East West Press, 2003.

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