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Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : Indian J Gastroenterol
Source : Indian J Gastroenterol. 2022 Jan 24. doi: 10.1007/s12664-021-01190-8. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35067841.
Campus : Faridabad
Year : 2022
Abstract : Aims Published literature on renal dysfunction (RD) in pediatric cirrhosis are limited. We aimed to detect early RD in cirrhotic children by renal resistive index (RI) and plasma aldosterone (PA). We evaluated the effects of large-volume paracentesis (LVP) and albumin infusion on the same. Methods Non-azotemic cirrhotic children with tense ascites (undergoing LVP with albumin infusion) were prospectively enrolled. Blood biochemistry and doppler ultrasonography for RI and PA were measured at regular intervals. RI >0.7 was considered as RD. Outcomes were noted at D90 and 1 year. Chronic liver disease children without ascites were included as controls. Results Of the 99 cirrhotic children, tense ascites (n=51) had higher baseline RI than controls (n=48) (p<0.001). Overall, baseline RD was observed in 32% and was significantly higher in tense ascites compared to controls (59% vs. 4%, p<0.001). Tense ascites with RD at admission had higher chances of acute kidney injury (AKI) (p=0.009), ascites recurrence (p=0.043), hospital readmission (p=0.048), and mortality (p=0.009) compared to patients without RD by D90. Significant reduction in RI was noted at 48 h, D7, D30, and D90 compared to baseline after LVP with albumin. Pediatric End-stage Liver Disease (PELD) score and PA had a strong positive correlation with baseline RI (R2=0.51, R2=0.47). Using multivariate analysis, PELD score and PA were predictors of AKI (odds ratio [OR]: 1.14; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04–1.24; p=0.003) and mortality (OR: 1.82; 95% CI: 1.22–2.72; p=0.004), respectively. Conclusions Abnormal baseline RI can be used as an early predictor of RD and predict long-term renal ouctomes in pediatric cirrhosis. Baseline RI correlated well with the severity of liver disease and PA. Paracentesis and albumin infusion effectively reduced RI.
Cite this Research Publication : Prasad D, Sen Sarma M, Yachha SK, Prasad R, Srivastava A, Poddar U, Kumar A. Can we predict early renal impairment in pediatric cirrhosis? Indian J Gastroenterol. 2022 Jan 24. doi: 10.1007/s12664-021-01190-8. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35067841