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Micro water distribution networks: A participatory method of sustainable water distribution in rural communities

Publication Type : Conference Paper

Thematic Areas : Wireless Network and Application

Publisher : IEEEXplore

Source : Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), 2016, IEEE, p.797-804 (2016)

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Keywords : water distribution; system sustainability; sustainable development;

Campus : Amritapuri, Coimbatore

School : School of Engineering, School for Sustainable Futures

Center : Amrita Center for Wireless Networks and Applications (AmritaWNA)

Department : Sustainable Development, Civil

Year : 2017

Abstract : Water scarcity has been a major thrusting issue in rural India, warrantinga high demand to design and implement different water distribution networks for easy and efficient use of existing water sources. Both macro and micro level systems exist of which, macro level water distribution networks have higher capital and maintenance costs. This is due to its size and the remote beneficiaries to which it caters. This paper describes the design of one such water distribution system in two rural villages in India whose design considerations includes the local community needs, availability of labor, local resources, climate, cost, and time for implementation. This paper also compares the micro and macro water distribution network's impact on sustainability. Sustainability is defined in terms of water wastage, usage rate, source capacity, total network length, cost of deployment, source recharge, and the network leakage rate. The paper discusses the water distribution projectscompletedin a village in Orissa and in a village in Rajasthan (two states in India) where all households were given 24/7 access to clean and safe drinking water for more than a year. The paper also draws insights on the socio-economic impact of the project carried out in these two states.

Cite this Research Publication : Ramesh, Maneesha Vinodini, Renjith Mohan, M. Nitin Kumar, Deepak Brahmanandan, C. Prakash, P. Lalith, M. Ananth Kumar, and R. Ramkrishnan. "Micro water distribution networks: A participatory method of sustainable water distribution in rural communities." In 2016 IEEE Global Humanitarian Technology Conference (GHTC), pp. 797-804. IEEE, 2016. - scopus indexed

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