Instrumental methods for analysis of contaminants in air, water and soil - colorimetry,
Chromatography, spectroscopy, electrochemical probes
Indoor and outdoor air pollution – meteorology - influence of solar radiation and wind fields - lapse rate and stability conditions - characteristics of stack plumes - effective stack height.Characteristics and health effects of various air pollutant particulates (PM2.5, PM10) and gaseous pollutants (CO, NOx, SOx, etc) - their behaviour in atmosphere – monitoring.
Photochemical reactions - secondary pollutants.
Control devices for Particulate and Gaseous pollutants – applications.
Advances in waste water treatment – Aerobic Suspended growth Process - Process for biological nitrogen removal – design criteria – anoxic, aerobic process design – sequencing batch reactor (SBR) – process analysis - Process for biological phosphorus removal – design criteria.
Aerobic attached growth Process – Rotating biological contactor, Activated Biofilter – Fluidized bed bioreactor (FBBR) design criteria.
Anaerobic suspended and attached growth process - Up flow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor.
Tertiary treatment – disinfection of waste water - waste water recycling – Water reuse. Advances treatment units – Removal of organic and inorganic colloidal and suspended solids – Removal of dissolved organic constituents – Removal of dissolved inorganic constituents – Filtration – Membrane filtration – Adsorption - Distillation processes.