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Unit 1

1. General introduction: principles followed and sources;

2. Astronomy & mathematics from the Neolithic to the Indus civilization;

3. Astronomy & mathematics in Vedic literature;

4. Vedanga Jyotisha and the first Indian calendars;

5. Shulba Sutras and the foundations of Indian geometry;

Unit 2

6. Astronomy & mathematics in Jain and Buddhist literature;

7. The transition to the Siddhantic period; Aryabhata and his time;

8. The Aryabhatiya: concepts, content, commentaries;

9. Brahmagupta and his advances;

10.Other great Siddhantic savants; 1

1.Bhaskara II and his advances;

Unit 3

12. The Kerala school of mathematics;

13. The Kerala school of astronomy;

14. Did Indian science die out?;

15. Overview of recent Indian scientists, from S. Ramanujan onward;

16. Conclusion: assessment and discussion;

Text Books

  1. Indian Mathematics and Astronomy: Some Landmarks, by S. Balachandra Rao


  • IFIH’s interactive multimedia DVD on Science & Technology in Ancient India.

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