Nature and characteristics of Industrial wastes - prevention versus control of industrial pollution - Linkage between technology and pollution prevention - tools for clean processes - reuse, recycle, recovery, source reduction, raw material substitution, toxic use reduction and process modification - separation technologies as tools for waste minimization - Flow sheet analysis - Energy and resource audits - waste audits.
Preliminary treatment of industrial waste water – volume reduction – strength reduction – neutralization – equalization and proportioning.
Treatment of industrial waste - suitability of different techniques - disposal of industrial waste.
Effluent generation from textile industry – paper industry – dairy – fertilizer – thermal power plants - effluent characteristics - treatment.
Membrane process, ion exchange process, Reverse osmosis, Ultra filtration, electrolysis.
Study of damages caused by industrial pollution in India.