Vehicular traffic on highways is a major concern relating to safety and security. Violation of traffic rules results in fatal incidents to a very large extent. In this work, an attempt has been made to detect violation of traffic rules namely vehicles in no parking and no stopping zones. Dataset consisting of cars in these zones has been used for experimentation. The proposed algorithm used histograms of oriented gradient (HOG) and Adaboost cascaded classifier for training. The traffic signs have been identified using Hough transform, Circlet transform and colour analysis. Experimental results are promising with an accuracy in the range of 90–97% with recognising no parking and no stopping sign
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R. Karthika and Parameswaran, L., “An Automated Vision-based Algorithm for Out of Context Detection in Images”, International Journal of Signal and Imaging Systems Engineering, vol. 11, pp. 1-8, 2018.