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Publication Type : Journal Article
Thematic Areas : Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine
Publisher : Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces,
Source : Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces, p.111466 (2020)
Campus : Kochi
School : School of Medicine
Center : Amrita Center for Nanosciences and Molecular Medicine Move
Department : Gastrointestinal Surgery
Abstract : Differentiation of hepatocyte-like cells (HLCs) from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in vitro has great potential in regenerative medicine. Current protocol uses matrigel of animal origin as a substrate for the differentiation of iPSCs to HLCs. Use of an appropriate non-xenogenic substrate is very important for potential future clinical applications. Towards this goal, we used Cellulose Nanofibril (CNF) gel, a natural, non-toxic, biocompatible and biodegradable polymer in humans as a thin film substrate for the differentiation of iPSCs to HLCs. Here we demonstrated that CNF as a substrate film can efficiently differentiate human iPSCs to HLCs. We investigated the expression profile of the endoderm markers (SOX17 and CXCR4), hepatoblast markers (EpCAM and AFP) and mature hepatocyte marker (ASGPR1) by flow cytometry during the differentiation of iPSCs to HLCs on both CNF and matrigel substrates. We also tested the HLCs generated from both the substrates for the expression of hepatic markers such as A1AT, HNF4A, CYP450 isotypes by Real Time-PCR and its mature hepatocyte functions (lipid accumulation and albumin expression). Our results showed that the differentiated HLCs from both the substrates are comparable and expressed stage specific hepatocyte markers as well as functional maturity. We have demonstrated that CNF, a natural biomaterial, may be used in tissue engineering applications as a potential substrate for the differentiation of iPSCs to HLCs.
Cite this Research Publication : M. R. Poorna, Sudhindran, S., Thampi, M. V., and Dr. Ullas Mony, “Differentiation of induced pluripotent stem cells to hepatocyte-like cells on cellulose nanofibril substrate.”, Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces, p. 111466, 2020.