Publication Type : Journal Article
Thematic Areas : Biotech
Publisher : Journal of Biological Chemistry
Source : Journal of Biological Chemistry, ASBMB, Volume 276, Issue 13, p.10539–10547 (2001)
Url : https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/11136723/
Campus : Amritapuri
School : School of Biotechnology
Center : Cell Biology
Department : biotechnology
Year : 2001
Abstract : Muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChRs) can be differentially localized in polarized cells. To identify potential sorting signals that mediate mAChR targeting, we examined the sorting of mAChRs in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, a widely used model system. Expression of FLAG-tagged mAChRs in polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells demonstrated that the M(2) subtype is sorted apically, whereas M(3) is targeted basolaterally. Expression of M(2)/M(3) receptor chimeras revealed that a 21-residue sequence, Ser(271)-Ser(291), from the M(3) third intracellular loop contains a basolateral sorting signal. Substitution of sequences containing the M(3) sorting signal into the homologous regions of M(2) was sufficient to confer basolateral localization to this apical receptor. Sequences containing the M(3) sorting signal also conferred basolateral targeting to M(2) when added to either the third intracellular loop or the C-terminal cytoplasmic tail. Furthermore, addition of a sequence containing the M(3) basolateral sorting signal to the cytoplasmic tail of the interleukin-2 receptor alpha-chain caused significant basolateral targeting of this heterologous apical protein. The results indicate that the M(3) basolateral sorting signal is dominant over apical signals in M(2) and acts in a position-independent manner. The M(3) sorting signal represents a novel basolateral targeting motif for G protein-coupled receptors.
Cite this Research Publication : L. S. Nadler, Dr. Geetha Kumar, and Nathanson, N. M., “Identification of a basolateral sorting signal for the M3 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells”, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 276, pp. 10539–10547, 2001.