Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, PJBS
Campus : Coimbatore
School : School of Engineering
Center : Computational Engineering and Networking
Year : 2011
Abstract : Streptomyces griseus (MTCC 9723) is a chitinolytic bacterium isolated from prawn cultivated pond soil of Peddapuram Village; East Godavari District was studied in detailed. Chitinase (EC 188.8.131.52) was extracted from the culture filtrate of Streptomyces griseus and purified by ammonium sulfate precipitation, DEAE-cellulose ionexchange chromatography, Sephadex G-100 and Sephadex G-200 gel filtration chromatography. The molecular mass of the purified chitinase was estimated to be 34, 32 kDa by SDS gel electrophoresis and confirmed by activity staining with Calcofluor White M2R. Chitinase was optimally active at pH of 6.0 and at 40°C. The enzyme was stable from pH 5-9 and up to 20-50°C. The chitinase exhibited Km and Vmax values of 400 mg and 180 IU mL -1 for colloidal chitin. Among the metals and inhibitors that were tested, the Hg +, Hg 2+ and P-chloromercuribenzoic acid completely inhibited the chitinase activity at 1 mM concentration. The purified chitinase showed high activity on colloidal chitin, chitodiose, and chitooligosaccharide. An in vitro assay proved that the crude chitinase, actively growing cells of S. griseus having antifungal activity against all studied fungal pathogen. This result implies that characteristics of S. griseus producing endochitinase made them suitable for biotechnological purpose such as for degradation of chitin containing waste and it might be a promising biocontrol agent for plant pathogens. © 2011 Asian Network for Scientific Information.