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Publication Type : Book Chapter
Publisher : Springer
Source : In: Mupambwa, H.A., Horn, L.N., Mnkeni, P.N.S. (eds) Vermicomposting for Sustainable Food Systems in Africa, Sustainability Sciences in Asia and Africa, Springer, Singapore, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-8080-0_17, 2023.
Campus : Coimbatore
School : School of Agricultural Sciences
Year : 2023
Abstract : Vermiculture approach the synthetic rearing of worms to decompose natural meals wastes right into a nutrient-wealthy material. The output of vermiculture is known as vermicompost and the leachate of the vermicomposting process, referred to as vermi-leachate, is a brownish-colored substance created via way of means of the passage of water withinside the vermicomposting devices via the earthworm burrows. The produced vermicompost and vermi-leachate are wealthy in phrases of vitamins and different plant boom-selling substances that are able to present essential mineral vitamins to assist maintain plant boom and suppress plant root disease. Plants are subjected to biotic stress while they are attacked with the aid of using different residing organisms including bacteria, fungi, nematodes, protists, insects, viruses, and viroid. Two feasible mechanisms of pathogen suppression rely upon systemic plant resistance and the alternative is mediated with the aid of using microbial opposition, antibiosis, and hyper-parasitism. Antibiosis and opposition are extra factors taken into consideration inside the broader framework of ailment suppression. Competitiveness is an detail of the overall ailment control technique related with vermicomposting. It has been located that the use of vermicompost crafted from meals waste drastically reduces the populace of aphids, bugs, beetles, mites, hornworms, pinworms, and mealybugs on positive vegetation inclusive of cabbage, cucumber, pepper, potato, and tomato. Vermicompost and vermi-leachate have been visible in an excessive capacity for suppressing sickness occurrences resulting from pathogens inclusive of Aphanomyces, Aspergillus, Alternaria, Fusarium, etc., withinside the experiments. It is suggested that earthworm ought to be inoculated in an agricultural field, or organized and implemented its vermi-leachate/vermicompost as spraying at the floor of plant life extensively suppresses a pathogen and pest.
Cite this Research Publication : Sivasabari, K., Parthasarathy, S., Chandran, D., Sankaralingam, S., Ajaykumar, R., "Vermicompost and Vermi-leachate in Pest and Disease Management," In: Mupambwa, H.A., Horn, L.N., Mnkeni, P.N.S. (eds) Vermicomposting for Sustainable Food Systems in Africa, Sustainability Sciences in Asia and Africa, Springer, Singapore, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-8080-0_17, 2023.