Occupancy classification of buildings - Essentials of National Building Code. Loads on buildings; Foundations - deep and shallow foundations – introduction to mat and grillage foundations – caissons. Super structure - load bearing masonry - brick and stone masonry, arches, lintels, scaffolding, shoring; plastering and pointing.
Concrete construction – batching, mixing, conveying, placing, compacting, curing. Durability of concrete. Special concretes.Reinforced concrete - Form work - Prestressed concrete. Principles of prefabricated construction. Roofs and Floors - flat and pitched roofs, floor types and finishes; Doors and windows. Damp and water proofing techniques. White washing, colour washing, painting and distempering;
Tall buildings – structural systems – Steel and concrete framed construction - Vertical transportation, plumbing systems, electrical services Thermal insulation of buildings - Natural and mechanical ventilation - Air conditioning. Principles of fire resistant construction. Acoustics - requirements for good acoustics - sound insulation. Functional planning – Building development rules - Space planning of buildings – Design process – planning principles.