Pure gaseous substances – P-v-T behavior of pure substances, Calculation of work done, heat transferred, change in enthalpy in different processes – Ideal and Non-ideal gases; Equation of State, Compressibility factor.
Gas Mixtures – P-v-T behavior of gas mixtures, ideal and non-ideal mixtures, Mixture rules, Compressibility factors for mixtures. Excess properties of mixtures – Temperature and Pressure dependence, GibbsDuhem equation;
Ideal and non-ideal solutions; vapor pressure of solutions; fugacity and activity coefficients and their estimation; Criterion for vapor liquid equilibrium (VLE); Binary VLE – Bubble and dew point calculations – Equation of State and Activity Coefficient models; Multi-component VLE – K-factor approach; Thermodynamic consistency of VLE data.
Criterion for liquid-liquid equilibrium; Estimation of distribution co-efficient from activity models; Composition estimation in problems related to extraction.
Criterion for chemical reaction equilibrium – feasibility of chemical processes, Equilibrium constant;
Conversion calculations in a reaction – Homogeneous gas phase reactions, GasLiquid reactions, effect of temperature and pressure on conversion.