Radiant energy and visible spectrum, energy conversion to light, colour, eye and vision; different entities of illuminating systems.
Light sources: daylight, incandescent, electric discharge, fluorescent, arc lamps and lasers; Energy efficient lamps; Luminaries, wiring, switching and control circuits.
Laws of illumination; illumination from point, line and surface sources. Photometry and spectrophotometry; photocells. Environment and glare. General illumination design, Illumination levels, loss factors, lamp selection and maintenance.
Interior lighting – industrial, residential, office departmental stores, indoor stadium, theater and hospitals.
Exterior lighting - flood, street, aviation and transport lighting, lighting for displays and signaling - neon signs, LED-LCD displays beacons and lighting for surveillance.
Energy Conservation codes for lighting; lighting controls – daylight sensors and occupancy sensors; controller design.