Review of basics of image processing - Image restoration - Image segmentation: Thresholding – Edge-based segmentation – Region based segmentation - Matching - Evaluation issues in segmentation - Image morphology - Basic morphological concepts - Dilation and erosion - Skeletons and object marking - Granulometry - Morphological segmentation and watersheds.
Image representation and description - Chain Codes - Polygonal approximations using minimum perimeter polygons - Other polygonal approximation – Approaches – Signatures - Boundary descriptors - Regional descriptors - Use of principal components for description- Introduction to object recognition.
Applications: Medical image analysis. Medical imaging modalities: Planar X-Ray imaging - X-Ray computed tomography - Magnetic resonance imaging - Nuclear imaging - Ultrasonography. Document Image Analysis: Document Image binarization - Noise reduction - Document cleaning - Text segmentation - Optical character recognition.