Overview of WSN: Introduction, Sensor network applications – Habitat Monitoring
–Tracking chemical plumes - Smart transportation. Constraints and Challenges,
Emerging technologies for wireless sensor networks - Advantages of sensor
Architectures: Hardware components – sensor node overview – controller- memory
– communication device - sensors and actuators – power supply of sensor nodes
– Network architecture – Sensor network scenarios – types of sources and sinks
– single hop Vsmulti hop - multiple sources and sinks – mobility - Gateway Concepts.
Protocols: MAC Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks - Low duty cycle protocol:
SMAC - Contention Based Protocol: CSMA, Scheduling Based Protocol – Routing
Protocol: AODV, DSDV, optimized Linked State Routing, DSR and Reactive routing:
Flooding, Hierarchical routing, Location based Routing - Unicast and Multicast.