Qualification: 
MSc Nursing
Email: 
ktmoly@aims.amrita.edu

Prof. K. T. Moly, M. Sc. in Cardio Thoracic Nursing is the first person appointed for setting up the Amrita College of Nursing and is currently serving as Principal at the College of Nursing, Health Sciences Campus, Kochi. Prof. Moly is an excellent teacher and administrator with a passion for teaching and work ethics. She has a long track of diverse experiences in the field of Nursing, nearly four decades in multiple settings in Kerala (Private, Government & Deemed University) and abroad. She also holds additional charge of School of Nursing, AIMS.

Educational Background

  • M.Sc. Nursing (1985) in Cardiothoracic Nursing with first class and second rank from L.T. College of Nursing, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai.
  • B.Sc Nursing (1980) with first class and first rank from Govt. College of Nursing, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala University.

Experience

  • Total-experience in Nursing: 38 years.
  • Worked in the various  Colleges of Nursing, Govt. Sector Kerala in different posts for about 14 years
  • Worked as a teacher in nursing abroad for three years
  • Experience in Amrita College of Nursing more than 18 years

Innovations Initiated and Implemented

  • Integrated Clinical Experience (Capstone Experience to final year B.Sc Nursing students to improve their clinical skills and self-esteem since three years).
  • Publications for UG students (faculty-student projects in small groups of two since three years).
  • Structured curriculum for value-based education.
  • Modified class committee
  • Competency training and certification in UG
  • Individual teacher evaluation and feedback
  • Formation of new department Foundations of Nursing since five years.
  • Involvement in Interdisciplinary conferences and projects. 

Major Academic and Professional Achievements

  • Taken a short Course on Qualitative Study from Community Health Department, CMC, Vellore, India from November 18-23, 2013.
  • Chief Editor for the Indian edition of the Lippincott Nursing Journal  Nursing Management.
  • External Expert  in  Staff Selection Committee for the Selection of  staff in SCTIMST
  • Adhoc Inspector of Kerala Nurses’ and Midwives’ Council and Indian Nursing Council
  • Set up Amrita College of Nursing at AIMS in 2002
  • Member, Academic Council, Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham (Deemed to be University)
  • Chief Organizer / Coordinator of more than 25 National / State level workshop / Conferences
  • Research guide for more than 25 dissertations of M. Sc Nursing students
  • Guest Speaker/ Resource Person for various seminars, workshops
  • Member of various Committees in the College and Campus
  • Presented papers in various conferences
  • Published papers in Scopus indexed journals
  • Award for excellent performance and dedication as Senior Clinical Teacher in the year 1997 from Ministry of Health, Sultanate of Oman.
  • First Rank Holder:  B. Sc Nursing Degree, Kerala University, 1980
  • Second Rank Holder: M .Sc Nursing Degree, SNDT Women’s University, Bombay.
  • First prize winner for scientific poster in the National Forum on Nursing Research at AIMS (December 2018).
  • First Prize winner for scientific poster in the International Conference on Obesity – A multifaceted approach at AIMS (November 2017).
  • Second prize for oral paper presentation in the International Conference on Obesity – A multifaceted approach at AIMS (November 2017).
  • First Prize Winner:  Paper presentation at State Trained Nurses Association of Indian Conference in 2000
  • Winner of Quiz Competitions:  State Trained Nurses Association of India in 1992, 1993 & 2000.

Publications

Publication Type: Journal Article

Year of Publication Title

2021

Prof. Moly K. T., “Quality of Life After Bariatric Surgery”, Medico Legal Update, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 606-612, 2021.[Abstract]


Bariatric surgery improves patients’ well-being beyond significant weight loss and resolution of comorbidities, Quality of Life (QoL) is a relevant but challenging variable to assess in the process of weight loss and lifestyle changes. The primary objective of the study was to determine the QoL of patients after bariatric surgery in comparison with obese patients who have not undergone bariatric surgery. A descriptive analytical approach was used to collect data from 100 subjects who had undergone Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) through SF 36 in comparison with 100 obese subjects without surgery. 50% data collection was done directly from OPD and 50% from telephonic contact in both the groups. The mean scores in all the eightdimensions of SF 36 were found to be good in Bariatric Surgery (BS) group. Both Physical Component Score (PCS) and Mental Component Score (MCS) were found to be high, the MCS being higher (85.74 + 22.72) than the PCS (83.68 + 21.8) in BS group whereas the MCS was poor in obese group (49.98 + 11.84). The overall QoL of BS group was found to be good (mean 80.93 + 18.18) compared to obese group (49.69 + 11.77). The health related QoL was found to be quite good in patients after LSG than those without surgery. The study concludes that the health related quality of life is better in obese patients after LSG than those without surgery. The study also strongly recommends the conduct of long term longitudinal qualitative studies with multiple points of measurements and follow-ups to be extended to the community.

More »»

2020

Prof. Moly K. T., “Communication Issues Among Patients, Significant Others And Nurses In Critical Care Units”, World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, vol. Vol 9, no. 13, pp. 768-776, 2020.

2020

Prof. Moly K. T., “Bariatric Surgery: A pathway to fertility in obese – A case study”, International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 4466-4472, 2020.[Abstract]


There is an increasing popularity of bariatric surgery in reproductive-age women. This is a description of a morbidly obese woman with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and hypothyroidism seeking treatment to become pregnant underwent Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG). The patient feels she could not achieve her wishes because of her obesity in childhood. The article explains the positive and negative experiences the woman had to undergo striving for control and normality post surgically, throughout the pregnancy and postnatal period. Immediately after the surgery her weight was 56 kg which means she has lost approximately 37 kg weight. But her present weight is 65 kg. Over a period of three years there is a gain of 9kg in the weight. The overall score of SF – 36 was 87% with the MCS higher (92% ) than PCS (83.3%). Coping with the food especially during the initial years, concerns about pregnancy and the growth of the baby often due to food intolerances were expressed. Finally the enjoyment that has come as a result of improvement in self esteem, independence in the patient, in her work and family was evident as she thinks she has taken the right decision at the right time. The present concern for her is the weight regain and struggle to maintain the new weight. The case study highlights the improvement in quality of life, at the same time reinforces the need for interventions and support groups to alleviate the concerns related to weight regain and maintenance.

More »»

2019

Prof. Moly K. T., Shajan, S., and Johny, S., “Quality of Life and Depression in Obese”, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 10, pp. 266-270, 2019.[Abstract]


Background: Health-related quality of life is emerging as an important outcome in obesity studies and has demonstrated a significant impairment in Quality of life (QoL). Depression is one of the common health consequences of overweight and obesity as per WHO. Objective: To find out correlation between depression and QoL among obese. Methods: Descriptive co relational study was conducted on 220 obese patients attending selected OPD’s/ obesity clinic of tertiary care hospital, Kerala, India. QoL was assessed using Rand Short Form (SF-36) scale and depression using Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). Results: The mean QoL was found to be slightly above average (50.86 +/- 12.48). Of the eight domains of QoL assessed, the mean score was poor in General health (37.76), role limitations due to emotional problems (43.97) and relatively better in pain (60.88) and social function (56.37). The QoL in mental components (49.43+/-13.68) was found to be poor than the physical component (54.4+/-20.09). Major depression was found in 51 (23.20%) of patients. A moderate negative correlation was observed between QoL and depression (r = -0.502 p value <0.001) Conclusion: The study findings highlight poor QoL especially in the mental component of obese patients. The statistically significant negative correlation found between depression and QoL in obese is a concern and needs further exploration.

More »»

2019

Prof. Moly K. T., Sankaran, R., Roy, L., and Nair, M. J., “Trends in Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy”, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 10, pp. 271-276, 2019.[Abstract]


Background: The limited inter- disciplinary recognition of hyperbaric medicine and the physicians’ unfamiliarity has lead to under utilization of HBOT as adjunct therapy in defined conditions. Objective: To explore the trends in hyperbaric oxygen therapy in relation to demographic variables, applications and indications so as to form a baseline framework for further specific research studies. Materials and Method: A quantitative retrospective study done in 530 subjects who underwent HBOT from 2015 to 2018 in a tertiary care hospital, Kochi. Data was collected from patients’ electronic medical record using a self developed observation record. Total enumerative sampling was used. Results: Nearly half (48.9 %) of the subjects who underwent HBOT were elderly i.e. in the age group 57-70 years. Majority were males (64.9 %). 88.9 % were residents of Kerala and 6.2 % were from abroad. 48.7 % of the subjects received 6- 10 cycles of therapy. Only 13 % of the subjects received more than 10 cycles. Majority 302 (57.0 %) of the sample underwent HBOT for acute indications. Among the 14 universally accepted acute conditions, post anoxic encephalopathy was found to be the main indication (49.7%). Malignancy related injury was the major condition (46.0%) found among the subjects with post anoxic encephalopathy to seek HBOT, and trauma being the least (7.3 %). Around one third of the patients 203 (38.3 %) had chronic indications .Among the four universally accepted chronic indications, diabetic wound was the main (45.3%) followed by radiation tissue damage (29.0%). 9 subjects (1.7%) had both acute and chronic indications for taking HBOT. Conclusion: This study has shown a wide use of HBOT as an adjunct therapy for a variety of acute and chronic conditions. However more outcome oriented research is required to prove its efficacy in specific conditions.

More »»

2019

Prof. Moly K. T., “Excessive Weight Loss and Quality of Life after Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy—A Correlational Study”, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 296-301, 2019.[Abstract]


Background

Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy (LSG) is the latest method of bariatric surgery used to treat clinically severe obesity. Percentage of excess weight loss (EWL) is commonly used as a marker of success or failure of LSG affecting the quality of life (QoL) of obese.

Objective

To find out the relationship between EWL and the QoL of patients after LSG.

Materials and Method

A descriptive cross sectional study of 100 patients who have completed at least six months after LSG were selected using convenience sampling technique. 50% of the sample was obtained from the GI Surgery OPD in a tertiary care hospital, Kerala and 50% through telephonic interview. Data on QoL was collected using SF-36 questionnaire

Results

The mean weight of the subjects before surgery was 115.99Kg +/-22.97, while the mean weight after surgery was 84.02Kg +/-17.75. The mean percentage of EWL was 63.31Kg+/-26.20. The mean bMI before surgery 42.46 Kg/m2 +/-6.02 came down to 30.76 Kg/m2 +/-5.04 after surgery. A positive correlation was found between QoL and EWL (p =0.768)

Conclusion

There is agreement that weight loss leads to better QoL. However, the need for longitudinal studies with multiple check points on the determinants of QoL including weight loss cannot be neglected

More »»

2019

Prof. Moly K. T. and Krishna, D., “Integrated Clinical Experience on Clinical Skills and Self-Esteem”, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 389-394, 2019.[Abstract]


Background: The need for new clinical teaching models to provide quality experiences for student nurses to bridge the theory practice gap has been realized long back. Newer preceptorship models like integrated clinical experience (ICE) can develop competence and confidence. The process of learning clinical decision making must be practiced during nursing education programs. Objective: To evaluate the perceived effect of ICE on clinical skills and self-esteem among undergraduate nursing students. Method: Quantitative, One group pre test post-test design. Data was collected from 139 final year undergraduate nursing students using total enumerative sampling. The students were given clinical experience continuously for a month in one clinical area in two shifts under a professional registered nurse. The students’ perceptions on clinical skills were assessed usinga self developed Questionnaire and self esteem using Rosenberg self-esteem scale before and after ICE. Results: The perceived effect of ICE on all the twenty clinical skills and self esteem were found to be statistically significant (p value <0.001). The pre and post percentages of the sample on three levels of self esteem were – low self esteem 8.6/ 2.2, normal 90.7/ 84.9 andhigh 0.7/ 12.9. Conclusion: ICE can smoothen the role transition from student to professional nurse as it affects the clinical skills and self esteem which are central to clinical decision making. However the preceptor’s attributes, competency and training on preceptorship are influencing factors to be ensured for better outcomes

More »»

2018

K. Ashly, Prof. Moly K. T., and Joy, F., “Risk Behaviours and Knowledge on Oral Cancer among Adolescents”, Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development, vol. 9, p. 6, 2018.[Abstract]


Background: India is considered as the oral cancer capital of the world. Extensive studies on risk behaviours and public awareness seem to be obligatory. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to identify the risk behaviours of oral cancer among adolescents and to assess their knowledge on oral cancer. Method: A descriptive survey design with convenience sampling technique was used. Sample comprised of 160 students from a selected Government Higher Secondary School,Kottayam, Kerala, India. A three point rating scale to identify the risk behaviours of oral cancer & a structured questionnaire to assess the knowledge on oral cancer were used to collect the data. Results: Of the ten risk behaviors of oral cancer assessed, risk behaviours most frequently found include, intake of smoked foods 117(73.1%), lack of performance of self-oral examination 73(45.6%) and intake of hot or spicy foods 54(33.7%). Majority of the subjects 113(71%) had average knowledge regarding oral cancer. It was also noted that of the various components assessed, the highest knowledge was found on prevention of oral cancer (59%) and the lowest was on clinical manifestations of oral cancer (27%). Conclusion: The data on risk behaviours show the trend in dietary intake like smoked foods among adolescents. The study findings throw light on the need to conduct large studies on risk behaviours & create awareness on oral cancer among them. © 2018, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.

More »»

2018

A. Varghese and Prof. Moly K. T., “Effectiveness of magnesium sulfate with glycerine versus cold compress on patients with peripheral intravenous cannula induced phlebitis”, Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 11, no. 10, p. 275, 2018.[Abstract]


Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the effectiveness of magnesium sulfate with glycerine versus cold compress on patients with a peripheral intravenous cannula (PIVC) induced phlebitis.

Methods: A quasi-experimental pre-test post-test study on 60 subjects, 30 in each group, with interventions magnesium sulfate with glycerine application to one group and cold compress to another group of patients with PIVC induced phlebitis was done in a tertiary care hospital, Kerala. Purposive sampling with random allocation of subjects to each group was done. A standardized visual infusion phlebitis (VIP) scale was used to assess the severity of PIVC induced phlebitis.

Results: Both magnesium sulfate with glycerine (MD=2.1, t29=16.16, p<0.001) and cold compress (MD=1.6, t29=17.59, p<0.001) were found to be effective in reducing the PIVC induced phlebitis. The difference in post-interventional VIP scores between application of magnesium sulfate with glycerine and cold compress was found to be statistically significant (F(1,57)=5.362*, p<0.05). The mean post-interventional VIP scores of magnesium sulfate with glycerine application (0.059) was less than the cold compress (0.274). The study concluded that magnesium sulfate with glycerine application was more effective than cold compress for treating PIVC induced phlebitis.

Conclusion: The study highlights the significance of exploring the foremost effective intervention out of the many good practices currently in use in the prevention and management of phlebitis.

More »»

2017

Sherin Ann Jony, Prof. Moly K. T., and Prof. Sreedevi P. A., “Effectiveness of nursing process based clinical practice guidelines on quality of nursing care among CABG patients”, International journal of Nursing Education, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 120-126, 2017.[Abstract]


Background
Coronary artery bypass grafting is one of the high risk and high cost surgeries performed all over the world. Post operative complications prolong the length of hospitalization. Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are relatively new quality improvement tools which are developed for maintaining quality, minimizing costs and improving out comes.

Methods
A quasi experimental pretest post test design was used to compare the quality of nursing care of the conventional care group with those of the experimental group. The sample comprised of 60 post CABG patients admitted to the cardiothoracic ward and 30 staff nurses caring them. The non probability, total enumeration sampling technique was used. The quality of nursing care and patients’ satisfaction with nursing care was assessed before and after the implementation of the Nursing Process Based Clinical Practice Guideline.

Results
The study findings showed that the quality of nursing care of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the conventional group (249.90±23.58 Vs 145.17±22.70, p= 0.001). Further the level of satisfaction of the experimental group was significantly higher than that of the conventional care group (187.7±25.0 Vs 148.1± 36.9, p= 0.001).

Conclusion
Nursing Process Based Clinical Practice Guideline was effective in improving the quality of nursing care of post-CABG patients, which in turn improved the patients’ satisfaction.

More »»

2017

Prof. Moly K. T. and Dharan, D. R., “Factors influencing compliance to therapeutic regimen among patients with hypertension”, Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 286-289, 2017.[Abstract]


Objectives: The objectives of the study were to identify the level of compliance to therapeutic regimen, assess the factors promoting and interfering compliance, and to find the association between level of compliance and factors influencing it in patients with hypertension in a Tertiary Care Hospital, Kochi, with a view to develop an information booklet.

Methods: Nonprobability convenience sampling technique was used to collect data from 150 individuals attending outpatient departments. Data on compliance were assessed through interview using standardized Hill And Bone High Blood Pressure Compliance. Scale and factors promoting and interfering compliance were assessed using self-developed semi-structured questionnaire.

Results: Only 55 (36.7%) had good compliance, while 52 (34.7%) had average and 43 (28.7%) had poor compliance to anti-hypertensive therapeutic regimen. The major factors promoting compliance were found as patient-prescriber relationship 146 (97.3%), family support 133 (88.7%), motivation 125 (83.3%), communication with healthcare providers 122 (81.3%), health literacy 104 (69.3%), and patient satisfaction 75 (50%). The factors interfering with compliance were lack of self-esteem 136 (90.7%), long-term adherence 129 (86%), misconceptions and erroneous beliefs 122 (81.3%), cost of therapy and income 100 (80%), forgetfulness 107 (71.3%), difficulty in adjustment to dietary change 82 (54.7%), and fear of side effects 70 (50%). A significant association between the level of compliance and factors promoting and interfering with compliance to therapeutic regimen (p<0.01) was noted. Level of compliance with therapeutic regimen was found to be lower in patients with associated comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus (c2=9.52, p<0.01) and coronary artery disease (c2=6.737, p<0.05).

Conclusion: The study concludes the significance of developing systems to tack and ensure compliance to therapy among hypertensives with a focus on factors promoting compliance not only from the patient perspective but also from the perspective of family and society.

Keywords : Hypertension, Compliance, Therapeutic regimen, factors influencing

More »»

2016

K. J., Prof. Moly K. T., and Joy, F. Elezebeth, “Perception of Clinical Learning Environment by Nursing Students: Actual versus Preferred”, Kerala Nursing Forum , vol. 11, 2016.[Abstract]


Practical hands - on learning opportunities are viewed as a vital component of the education of nursing students. It is therefore important that these clinical learning environments are well suited to student's perceptions and expectations. Purpose of the study was to investigate how undergraduate students enrolled in nursing programs view their clinical learning environment and specifically to compare student's perception of their 'actual' clinical learning environment to that of their 'preferred / ideal' clinical learning environment. The Clinical Learning Environment Inventory (CLEI) was used to collect data from 132 undergraduate nursing students via convenience sampling. Satisfaction of the students was closely linked with the five constructs measured by the CLEI: Personalization, Student Involvement, Task Orientation, Innovation and Individualization. Significant differences were found between the student's perception of their 'actual' clinical learning environment and their 'ideal' clinical learning environment. The study highlights the importance of a supportive clinical learning environment that places emphasis on effective two-way communication. A thorough understanding of student's perceptions of their clinical learning environment is essential.

More »»

2016

M. A. M. Antony, Prof. Moly K. T., and Dharan, M. Dhanya R., “Assessment of Knowledge and salf reported Clinical Practice on prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) among staff Nurses”, IOSR Journal of Nursing and Health Science, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 18-24, 2016.[Abstract]


Abstract: A descriptive study to assess the knowledge and self reported clinical practice on prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) among staff nurses working in selected units in a tertiary care hospital, Kochi. Objectives of the study are to: (1) assess the knowledge of staff nurses on the prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT). (2) find out the self reported clinical practice of staff nurses on prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT). (3) find out the association between the knowledge and self reported clinical practice of staff nurses on prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT). (4) prepare an informational booklet on the prevention of Deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

Methodology: The study was conducted among 100 subjects who met the eligibility criteria using non probability convenience sampling technique.

Results: Eventhough, majority of the subjects, 50(50%) had adequate experience and exposure in the respective unit as a registered nurse, knowledge on DVT seems to be average (58%) to poor (42%). As the data was collected using self reported practice checklist, it was expected to have some inflation in the scoring. But the result was striking as majority had average (14%) and poor practice (86%) on prevention of DVT. There was no significant association between knowledge and practice of staff nurses on prevention of DVT among hospitalized patients. The study throws light on the fact that staff nurses with average knowledge are also not practicing it in clinics.
Conclusion: The study findings revealed the fact that no staff nurses were having a good knowledge and a good practice, inspite of the fact that 60% of them were graduates. DVT is often negligible, even though, life threatening conditions are associated with it such as PE. The assessment of mere knowledge may not give an accurate result of their practice. It also shows that rather than memorizing, practice is always hands on training. Moreover, it throws light on the fact that degrees have no meaning, if it is not practiced well in clinics.
Key Words: knowledge, self reported clinical practice, prevention of Deep Vein Thrombosis.

More »»

2016

S. T. Varghese and Prof. Moly K. T., “Exploratory study on the knowledge and skill of critical care nurses on endotracheal suctioning”, The Jounal of National Accreditation Board for Hospitals and Healthcare, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 13-19, 2016.[Abstract]


Background and Objectives: A descriptive exploratory study to assess the knowledge and skill of critical care nurses on endotracheal (ET) suctioning was conducted in the eight Intensive Care Units of AIMS, Kochi. The objectives of the study were (1) to assess the knowledge of critical care nurses on ET suctioning, (2) to assess the clinical skill of critical care nurses in performing ET suctioning, and (3) to find out the correlation between knowledge and clinical skill of critical care nurses on ET suctioning.
Materials and Methods: The sampling technique used was nonprobability convenience (n = 50).
Results: Majority of the participants (70%) had an acceptable level of knowledge. Most of the participants (64%) had least acceptable level of knowledge on the actual suction event and 54% on postsuctioning practice. The nurses who had an acceptable level of skill in performing ET suctioning were 56% whereas skill in practices before suctioning was least acceptable in 86% of the nurses. A significant difference (P < 0.001) was obtained between the current practice observed and the best recommended practice on ET suctioning. The elements of ET suctioning which were not followed by majority of the nurses include auscultation of chest (2%), postsuctioning assessment (2%), wearing apron (6%), maintaining suction pressure (10%), reassuring the patient before (30%) and after suctioning (18%), hand washing before (42%) and after suctioning (28%), time of suction applied (36%), and maintaining the suction catheter's sterility (46%).
Interpretation and Conclusion: Even though nurses had an acceptable level of knowledge and skill, inadequacies exist in the practice of various phases of ET suctioning. Hence, training on ET suctioning could be focused specifically to those phases.

Keywords: Critical care nurses, endotracheal suctioning, knowledge, skill

More »»

2016

Prof. Moly K. T., Kanmani J, and Joy, M. F. Elezebeth, “Perception of clinical learning enviornment by nursing students:Actual versus preferred”, Kerala Nursing Forum, vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 5-16, 2016.

2015

R. Merlin Babu, Prof. Moly K. T., and Priya Thomas, “Effectivemess of video Assisted Teaching on Knowledge and pre procedural anxiety level of patients undergoing mammography”, Journal of Cancer Prevention and Current Research, vol. 3, no. 5, p. 96, 2015.[Abstract]


An experimental study to identify the effectiveness of Video assisted teaching (VAT) on knowledge and pre-procedural anxiety level of patients undergoing mammography was conducted in Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre, Kochi. The objectives of the study were to 1) evaluate the effectiveness of video assisted teaching on knowledge among patients undergoing mammography, 2) evaluate the effectiveness of video assisted teaching on pre procedural anxiety among patients undergoing mammography, 3) find the association between knowledge among patients undergoing mammography and selected demographic variables, 4) find the association between pre procedural anxiety among patients undergoing mammography and selected demographic variables. The hypotheses of the study were H01: There is no significant difference in the knowledge level of patients undergoing mammography before and after the administration of Video assisted teaching between the experimental group and control group. H02: There is no significant difference in the pre procedural anxiety level of patients undergoing mammography before and after the administration of Video assisted teaching between the experimental group and control group.

Research methodology: The design used for the study was true experimental design. The study was conducted among 60 subjects (30 each in experimental and control group) who met the eligibility criteria using simple random sampling. The demographic data and level of knowledge regarding mammography were assessed using structured questionnaire, data regarding the level of anxiety related to mammography was assessed using Becks anxiety inventory.

Results: Breast self examination were occasionally performed by 14(46.7%) women in the experimental group and 3(10%) in the control group. Majority of the patients both in the experimental 18(60%) and control group 17 (56.7%) received information regarding mammography through mass media. The mean post test knowledge score (19.06) of the subjects in the experimental group was significantly higher (p<0.001) than the mean post test knowledge score (6.3) of control group. Hence the null hypothesis was rejected and alternative hypothesis was accepted, with the inference that video assisted teaching was effective in improving the knowledge on mammography. The mean post test anxiety score (17.4) of the subjects in the experimental group was significantly lower (p<0.001) than the mean pre test anxiety score (27.24) of control group. Hence the null hypothesis was rejected and alternative hypothesis was accepted, with the inference that video assisted teaching was effective in reducing pre procedural anxiety level of patients undergoing mammography. The level of knowledge on mammography was significantly higher among educated (p<0.001), employed (p 0.002<0.05), residing in urban area (p 0.016< 0.05), breast self examination (p 0.002< 0.01) and previous knowledge on mammography (p 0.035<0.05). The pre procedural anxiety on mammography was significantly higher among patients with family history of breast cancer (p 0.047< 0.05) and family history of other cancer (p 0.007 < 0.01).

Conclusion: With proper education, knowledge on mammography can be enhanced and anxiety can be reduced. Creating an awareness among the mothers undergoing mammography will not only help them to undergo the procedure at the earliest but also will help in transferring their knowledge to a similar group, ultimately resulting in early detection and control of breast cancer.

More »»

2015

S. N. R and Prof. Moly K. T., “Assess the needs of patients with hematological cancer with a view to prepare a care guide in a tertiary care hospital, Kochi. ”, Journal of Science , vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1051-1054, 2015.

2015

T. Daniel Simon, Prof. Moly K. T., and Laly K George, “Long term health problems and awareness regarding its management among patients after valve replacement surgery. ”, Kerala Nursing Forum, vol. 10, no. 3, 2015.[Abstract]


A descriptive study to assess the long term health problems and awareness regarding its management among 110 patients after valve replacement surgery was conducted in Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi. The Objectives of the study were to (1) find out the long term health problems of patients after valve replacement surgeries; (2) determine the level of awareness on management of long term health problems among patients after valve replacement surgeries; Results: The major long term health problems identified were physical problems 87 (79%), valve related problems 72 (65%) and psychological problems 67 (61%). Awareness regarding management of long term health problems was average among majority of the subjects 72 (65%). Association was found between type of prosthetic valve and certain valve related problems like hearing unusual sounds from the valve (χ2 = 12.303, p<0.001), disturbance due to the noise from the valve (χ2 = 5.065, p<0.05) and thromboembolic problems (χ2 = 4.611, p<0.05) - common among patients with mechanical valve. There was a significant association between PT-INR value and bleeding problems (χ2 = 6.164, p<0.05), i.e., patients with an elevated PT-INR value experienced more bleeding problems. Patients' level of awareness regarding management of long term health problems had significant association with valve related problems (χ2 = 5.877,
p<0.05), dental problems (χ2 = 4.982, p<0.05) and compliance problems (χ2 = 4.195, p<0.05). Conclusion: Need for ongoing follow up and patient teaching on management of long term health problems after valve replacement surgery

More »»

2015

S. Francis and Prof. Moly K. T., “Assess the symptom related distress among patients with lung cancer in selected outpatient departments in a Tertiary care Hospital, Kochi”, Journal of Science, vol. 5, no. 11, pp. 1059-1063., 2015.[Abstract]


A descriptive study was conducted to assess the symptom related distress among patients with lung cancer in selected outpatient departments in a tertiary care hospital, Kochi. The study was conducted among 80 subjects who met the eligibility criteria using purposive sampling technique. The demographic and clinical data were collected using selfdeveloped structured interview schedule, data regarding symptom related distress were assessed using Sheffield Profile for assessment and referral to care developed by SamH Ahmedzai. Results: Symptom related distress was assessed under various domains physical symptoms, psychological issues, religious and spiritual issues, independence and activity, family and social issues, treatment issues. Collected data was categorized under no distress, mild distress, moderate distress, severe distress. Majority of the subjects 46 (57.5%) experienced severe distress from independence and activity issues followed by family and social issues 20 (25%) and was negligible in other domains. Most of the subjects experienced moderate distress from physical symptoms 59 (73.8%), family and social issues 57 (71.3%), religious and spiritual issues 51 (63.8%), psychological issues 42 (52.5%). Of the physical symptoms most reported symptoms were tiredness 79 (98.75%), shortness of breath 70 (87.5%). Most reported psychological issues were change in appearance 76(95%), restless and agitated 75 (93.75%), anxiety 74 (92.5%). Significant associations were found between symptom related distress from physical symptoms with current treatment. (P<0.05), symptom related distress from psychological issues with level of education (P<0.05) and current treatment (P<0.05), symptom related distress from religious and spiritual issues with level of education (P<0.05), symptom related distress from independence and activity with monthly income (P<0.05), symptom related distress from treatment issues with age (P<0.05).

More »»

2014

J. M. Babu, Prof. Moly K. T., and Anu K., “Assessment of risk factors and functional status of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease”, Nightingale Nursing Times, vol. 10, no. 6, 2014.

2014

N. V., Prof. Moly K. T., and M., S. K., “Correlational study on quality of life and learning needs among patients with permanent pacemakers”, Nightingale Nursing Times , vol. 10, no. 9, 2014.

2014

N. V, Prof. Moly K. T., and K.M, S., “Correlational study on quality of life and learning needsamong patients with Permanent pacemaker. ”, Nightingale Nursing Times, vol. 10, no. 9, 2014.

2014

J. M. Babu, Prof. Moly K. T., and , “Risk factor for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.”, Nightingale Nursing Times , vol. 10, no. 6, 2014.

2006

Prof. Moly K. T., “Effect of political apathy on Nurses and Nursing”, Journal of Nursing Research, 2006.

2006

Prof. Moly K. T., Joseph, V., Khora, L., and Beevi, A., “A study to Identify the Extent -Causes- Effect and Probable Measures to Overcome Political Apathy among Nurses”, The Journal of Nursing Research, vol. 1, no. 1, 2006.

Publication Type: Book

Year of Publication Title

2016

Prof. Moly K. T., Professional Nursing– Questions Authentically Answered. CBS Publishers & Distributors Pvt. Ltd., ISBN: 978-81-239-2952-1, 2016.

Publication Type: Conference Proceedings

Year of Publication Title

2015

Rajeesh R Nair and Prof. Moly K. T., “Patients Psychology in the post organ transplant period: An overview”, National conference on Organ transplant: “together , towards, tomorrow”, Amrita College of Nursing, Health Sciences campus, Amrita vishwa vidyapeetham, Kochi. 2015.

Papers Presented in Conferences

Topic Program Date 
Quality of Life & Depression in Obesity  - A co-relational study International conference on obesity – A multi faceted approach at AIMS November 2017
Qualitative Data in Nursing Research Qualitative Data Analysis Methods by Dept. of Biostatics, AIMS, Kochi August 23, 2014
Medication Errors – Nurse Perspectives State CME on Medication errors at AIMS November 2007
Effect of political apathy among nurses National Conference of Nursing Research Society of India at College of Nursing, Calicut, Kerala November 2004
Professional Nursing in 3rd Millenium – Challenges State Trained Nurses Association of India conference at Amala Cancer Institute, Thrissur, Kerala (First Prize Winner) 2000
Methodology of Development in Nursing Education National TNAI Conference at Kochi, Kerala 1992

Posters Presented in Conferences

Topic Program Date 
Workplace Violence and the Nurse : Causes and Impact (Best Poster Award) National Conference on Prevention of Violence in Healthcare Setting by Himalayan College of Nursing, Swami Rama Himalayan University Dehradun, Uttarakhand Febraury 15-16, 2019
Does Blood Transfusion Affect Immunity? National Forum on Nursing Research at Amrita College of Nursing December 12, 2018
Performance Obstacles among ICU Nurses (First Prize) National Forum on Nursing Research at Amrita College of Nursing December 12, 2018
Correlation between EWL and QoL after Bariatric Surgery (First Prize) International conference on obesity – A multi faceted approach at AIMS November 2017
Depression in Obesity – Gender Differences  (Third Prize) International conference on obesity – A multi faceted approach at AIMS November 2017

Dissertations Guided

  • “Functional Disability and Stroke Specific Quality of Life among Stroke Survivors attending stroke OPD of a selected tertiary care hospital.” Litty Vadakkethil Lalu, M.Sc Nursing Student (2018) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi.
  • “Risk Behaviors and knowledge on Oral Cancer among adolescents in a selected school, Kerala”. Ashly K.S M.Sc Nursing Student (2017) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi.
  • “Effectiveness of video assisted  teaching (VAT) on knowledge and pre procedural anxiety level of patients undergoing mammography, AIMS, Kochi” Rani Merlin Babu, M. Sc Nursing student (2015) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi.
  • “Assessment of needs of patients with hematological cancer with a view to prepare a care guide” Sheena N.R., M. Sc Nursing student (2015) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Exploratory study on knowledge and skill of critical care nurses on endotracheal suctioning in intensive care units, AIMS, Kochi”  Sruthy T Varghese, M. Sc Nursing student (2015) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Symptom related distress among patient with lung cancer” Sherin Francis  M. Sc Nursing student (2015) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • Assessment of risk factors and functional status of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease” Jeena M Babu,  M. Sc Nursing student (2014) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Assessment of knowledge and self reported clinical practice on prevention of deep vein thrombosis among staff nurses” Abin M Antony, M. Sc Nursing student (2014) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Effectiveness of cough trick in reducing pain and factors affecting pain perception during IV cannulation among patients undergoing chemotherapy” Midhun C.O., M. Sc Nursing student (2013) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Factors influencing compliance to therapeutic regimen among patients with hypertension” Dhanya R Dharan, M. Sc Nursing student (2013) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Effectiveness of magnesium sulphate with glycerine versus cold compress on patients with peripheral intravenous cannula induced phlebitis” Alwin T Varghese, M. Sc Nursing student (2013) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Effectiveness of educational intervention on knowledge regarding postoperative care among patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery” Amrutha Mathews, M. Sc Nursing student (2013) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Impact of performance obstacles on perceived quality of care and quality of work life among nurses working in critical care units” Chinnu P Jose, M. Sc Nursing student (2013) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Assessment of orthostatic hypotension as a predictor of falls in elderly” Manjula T.G., M. Sc Nursing student (2012) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • Effectiveness of Nursing clinical practice guideline (CPG) on nursing management of patient with indwelling urinary catheters” Meera R M. Sc Nursing student (2011) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Comparison of natural honey, salt and sodium bicarbonate water versus salt and sodium bicarbonate water in preventing oral mucositis among patients undergoing radiation therapy”  Betsy Paul,  M. Sc Nursing student (2011) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Effectiveness of Nursing Clinical Practice guideline (CPG) on Nursing Management of patients with indwelling urinary catheters” Meera R, M. Sc Nursing student (2011) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Effectiveness of nursing process based clinical practice guideline on post CABG patients' quality of nursing care” Sherin Ann Jony, M. Sc Nursing student (2011) Amrita College of Nursing, AIMS, Kochi
  • “Effect of Music Therapy on cognitive functions among inpatients with chronic schizophrenia” Arun C Rajan, M. Sc Nursing Student (2006), College of Nursing Calicut
  • “Effect of SIM on knowledge of primi gravid women on regimen of pregnancy' by Seenath K.P. , M. Sc. Nursing student (2000), Govt. College of Nursing, Calicut
  • “Identification of learning needs of staff nurses working in two selected Government Medical Colleges of Kerala”by Sulekha A.T, M. Sc. Nursing student (1999), Govt. College of Nursing, Calicut

Workshops / Conferences/Webinars Organized

  • Webinar on "Covid: Second Wave" on April 24, 2021, at Amrita College of Nursing, Kochi.
  • A National Webinar on "Natural Resources: Cherish or Perish: Part-I" was conducted on February 25, 2021, at Amrita College of Nursing, Kochi.
  • A national webinar on Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) in Adolescents: Current Trends and Management conducted on November 7, 2020, at Amrita College of Nursing, Kochi.
  • Webinar on "Addressing the Virtual Clinical Learning in Nursing during COVID-19".  Part-I conducted on September 19, 2020.
  • International Webinar series on “Viability of Virtual Examination in Nursing – An Introspection (Part I and II). Part I of the webinar conducted on October 9, 2020, at Amrita College of Nursing.
  • International webinar on “Viability of Virtual Examination in Nursing – An Introspection (Part I and II). Part II of the webinar conducted on October 16, 2020, at Amrita College of Nursing.
  • A national webinar on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)-A Growing Concern conducted on November 18, 2020, at Amrita College of Nursing.
  • Webinar on Education, Resilience and Continuity in the Time of Covid-19 on December 9, 2020, at Amrita College of Nursing.
  • National forum on Nursing Research on December 12, 2018.
  • Organizing committee member – International public health conference 2018
  • International Conference on Obesity – A multi faceted approach on November 2017
  • National Conference on Organ Transplant November 2016
  • State level workshop on Safe Blood Transfusion Saves Life - July 9, 2016.
  • State level workshop on Student assignments – An introspection for reflective clinical nursing practice on May 26, 2017.
  • State level workshop on “Interprofessional collaboration for better patient outcome ” on May 27, 2015.
  • Chair Person, Paper presentation & Organising Committee  Member - 3rd National Conference on INS India by INS – AIMS, Kochi from November 21-22, 2014 (jointly conducted by Amrita College of Nursing & Nursing Services, AIMS).
  • Organizing Committee Member - State Level Workshop on Emergency Management of Trauma by Critical Care & Rehabilitation Nursing Forum, CCRNF, Kochi from November 8-9, 2014.
  • State level workshop on “Quality nursing education – every one's concern” for final year B.Sc  Nursing students of Kerala on September 9, 2013.
  • State level workshop on “Student Expectations on Nurse Educators” on May 7, 2013.
  • One day workshop  on Research Skills in Nursing Faculty - “Filling the Gaps” in connection with the 10th-anniversary celebrations on November 29, 2012.
  • Workshop on “Professional discipline – a managerial perspective” for nurse in-charges of AIMS on August 19, 2011.
  • DGHS aided work shop on human relations in health care from March 21-27, 2011.
  • DGHS aided work shop on Emergency Nursing “Striving for excellence in emergency nursing“ from March 8-14, 2011.
  • DGHS aided work shop on Educational technology for nurse educators from March 7- 13, 2011.
  • DGHS aided work shop on Management techniques for nurse managers from February 21-27, 2011.
  • National Conference on Geriatric Nursing “Adding life to years and years to life” at AIMS from September 8-9, 2010.
  • DGHS aided work shop on Education Technology “Nursing education – Preparing ourselves to face the challenges today” from March 26-April 04, 2009.
  • DGHS aided work shop on “Building human relations skills for quality care” from March 23- April 1, 2009.
  • DGHS aided work shop on Emergency Nursing “Emergency Nursing – Meeting the need of golden hours”  from March 16- 25, 2009.
  • DGHS aided work shop on Management Techniques “Becoming a better Nurse Manager …. and a more effective leader”  from March 16-25, 2009.
  • DGHS aided work shop on Emergency Nursing “Emergency Nursing – Meeting the need of golden hours”  from February 26- March 7, 2009.
  • DGHS aided work shop on Management Techniques “Becoming a better Nurse Manager …. and a more effective leader” from February 25- March 6, 2009.
  • ” Leadership skills for Nurse Managers” for the nurse in-charges of AIMS from March 28-29, 2008.
  • Chairperson, CNE Cell, Govt. College of Nursing, Kozhikode from 1998 to 2002
  • Research Methodology for Nurse Educators at Govt. College of Nursing, Kozhikode in 2000
  • Coordinator of series of workshops at Govt. College of Nursing, Kozhikode sponsored by DGHS on four topics Managerial skills for Nurse Managers, Emergency Nursing, Human Relation skills and Educational Technology for Nurse Educators for Nurses and Nurse Educators working in Govt. sector, Kerala.

Resource Person

  • Webinar on "Addressing the Virtual Clinical Learning in Nursing during COVID-19".  Part-I on September 19, 2020,  (Topic: “Clinical Nursing Skills using Virtual Platform- A Challenge”)
  • Workshop on “Management & Leadership skills for Staff Nurses & Head Nurses” at  Govt. College of Nursing, Kalamassery, Ernakulam on November 11, 2019 (Topic: Role of Head Nurse in Nursing Education).
  • Chairperson – International public health conference, November 2-3, 2018 (Topic: Community Mental Health Nursing:An untapped resource in India")
  • National Conference – Tomorrow belongs to us : Nurses conquering challenges in health care system – Synhgad College of Nursing, Pune on March 7, 2018 (Topic : Innovations in Nursing Education)
  • National Conference on Ageing: A Biological reality -  Aster MIMS College of Nursing, Calicut from February 9-10, 2018 (Topic : Healthy Ageing making a difference)
  • International conference – Obesity – A multifaceted approach on   “Quality of life in patients after bariatric surgery.” December 1-2, 2017.
  • State Level Workshop on Student Assignments – An Introspection for Better Clinical Nursing Practice at Amrita College of Nursing, Kochi on May 26, 2017 (Topics: 1. Student Perception,  2. Role of Faculty in Assignments).
  • National Conference – Transforming Nursing Practice Through Research and Dissemination – MIMS College of Nursing, Calicut on March 12, 2017 (Topic: Doctoral programs in nursing – Scope and Issues)
  • Conference on Fluid Management  - A Challenge for Nurses at Little Flower College of Nursing, Angamaly on April 27, 2016 (Topic Fluid & Electrolytes – A review).
  • 3rd National Conference - “Criticare Nursing 2015” by Critical Care Nurses Society, TVM from February 6-7, 2015  (Topic – Communication Issues in Critical care Units)
  • Qualitative Data Analysis Methods by Dept. of Biostatics, AIMS, Kochi from August 21-3, 2014 (Topic Qualitative Data in Nursing Research)
  • CNE program on effective clinical supervision to teachers of 8 nursing colleges under MG University at University College of Nursing, MG University, Kottayam on July 25, 2014.
    ( Topics: (1) Clinical Supervision – concepts & Significance in Nursing (2) Trends, issues & challenges in clinical supervision  (3) Effective clinical supervision – overcoming barriers (4) Stress associated with clinical supervision – how to minimize?  (5) Enhancing professional competence & commitment in clinical supervision)
  • International Seminar on Rejuvenating Nursing Research culture in present Scenario organized by Carmel College of Nursing, Aluva, Ashokapuram on May 30, 2014 Topic Discussion of Research Findings.)
  • Workshop on Evaluative Strategies at KVM College of Nursing, Cherthala on March 6, 2014. (Topic:  Summative Evaluation.)
  • State level CNE program “Research methodology update” TNAI  at Sanjoe College of Nursing, Perumbavoor from October 17-18, 2011 (Topic-Framing research problem ,objectives  and hypothesis )
  • Joint Secretary of the Conference/in charge of 3 plenary sessions - National Biennial Conference Planning & Implementing change in Nursing by Trained Nurses Association of India at Renewal Centre, Kaloor, Kochi from November 25-26, 2010.
  • Chairperson of the session - International conference on Challenges in clinical nursing research at Govt. College of nursing TVM from January 9-10, 2010.
  • National SNA conference on Effective Clinical learning environment at Calcutta from October 30-31, 2009.
  • State Level SNA conference on quality nursing education -right of every student on July 24, 2009,  Topic – Clinical Learning environment.
  • National Conference on Teacher commitment at SME Angamaly on April 25, 2009.
  • National Conference on Standards in Nursing Care by TNAI Workshop, Sanjoe College of Nursing on November 26, 2007.
  • National Conference on Staff Development for Nurse Managers at Govt. College of Nursing, Thrissur on September 26, 2007.
  • National  Workshop on Quality Assurance in Nursing Care for nurse managers at Govt. College of Nursing, Kottayam on October 26, 2007.
  • National  Level (DGHS aided workshop for SON teachers  - Unit Planning, Lesson Planning, master Rotation Plan, Clinical Rotation Plan at Govt. College of Nursing, Kottayam on October 24, 2007.
  • National Seminar - Nursing Eduation Quest Today - on Microteaching at Lourde’s College of Nursing, May 2006.

Membership in Professional Organization

  • Trained Nurses Association of India
  • Nursing Research Society of India
  • Critical Care Nursing Society of India