Unit I : Mechanics (12 hours)
Newton’s laws of motion – forces, frictional forces, dynamics of uniform circular motion, work, kinetic energy, work-energy theorem, potential energy, conservation of energy, Newton’s law of gravitation, motion in uniform gravitational field, centre of mass, conservation of linear and angular momentum.
Unit II : Waves and Optics (9 hours)
Huygens’ Principle, superposition of waves and interference of light by wavefront splitting and amplitude splitting, Young’s double slit experiment, Newton’s Rings, Michelson interferometer.
Fraunhofer diffraction from single slit and circular aperture, Rayleigh criterion for limit of resolution and its application to vision, diffraction gratings and their resolving power.
Polarization: Unpolarized, polarized and partially polarized lights, polarization by reflection, double refraction by uniaxial crystals, Polaroid, half wave and quarter wave plates.
Unit III : Lasers (6 hours)
Einstein’s theory of matter radiation interaction and A and B coefficients; amplification of light by population inversion, different types of lasers: gas lasers (He-Ne, CO2), solid-state lasers (Ruby, Neodymium), dye lasers.
Unit IV : Quantum Mechanics (10 hours)
De Broglie waves, wave functions, wave equation, Schrodinger wave equation: time dependent and time independent form, operators – Eigen functions and Eigen values, uncertainty principle, particle in a finite potential one -dimensional box, tunnelling effect (Qualitative).
Unit V : Introduction to Solids (8 hours)
Crystal systems – Miller indices, crystal planes and directions, packing fraction, Classification of solids: Metals, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative), free electron theory of metals, Fermi level, Density of states, Kronig-Penney model and origin of energy bands.
|Periodical 1 (P1)
|Periodical 2 (P2)
|*Continuous Assessment (CA)
*CA – Can be Quizzes, Assignment, Projects, and Reports.