Basic concepts: Energy and momentum equations of compressible fluid flows - Stagnation states - Mach waves and Mach cone - Effect of Mach number on compressibility. Isentropic flows: Isentropic flow through variable area ducts.
Isentropic Flow: Nozzle and Diffusers, compressors and turbines - Use of Gas tables. Flow through ducts: Flow through constant area ducts with heat transfer (Rayleigh flow) and Friction (Fanno flow) - Variation of flow properties - Use of tables and charts - Generalized gas dynamics.
Normal and oblique shocks: Governing equations - Variation of flow parameters across the normal and oblique shocks - Prandtl Meyer relations – Expansion of supersonic flow, Use of table and charts - Applications.
Jet propulsion: Theory of jet propulsion - Thrust equation - Thrust power and propulsive efficiency - Operation principle - cycle analysis and use of stagnation state performance of ram jet, turbojet, turbofan and turbo-prop engines – Aircraft combustors.
Space propulsion: Types of rocket engines - Propellants - Ignition and combustion - Theory of rocket propulsion – Performance study - Staging - Terminal and characteristic velocity - Applications - Space flights.