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Publication Type : Journal Article
Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences
Publisher : Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus
Source : Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus, Volume 35, Issue 1, p.114-118 (2019)
Campus : Kochi
School : School of Medicine
Department : Community Medicine
Year : 2019
Abstract : Anaemia has significant negative impact on the health of school children including poor scholastic performance and cognitive impairment. The present study was done with the objective to estimate the prevalence of anemia among school going children in Ernakulam district, Kerala and to determine a few factors associated with anemia. Hemoglobin of 880 students of 6th to 9th standard in 11 randomly selected schools of Ernakulam district was estimated using HemoCue 201 photometer. Prevalence of anaemia was expressed using frequencies and percentages. Univariate analysis for factors associated with anemia was done. Selected variables were entered into a logistic regression model. The prevalence of anemia was estimated to be 44% (95% CI 40.67-47.33). Among them 0.8% had severe anemia, 3.5% had moderate anemia and 39.7% had mild anemia. Among them 21.3% and 52.6% reported not in the habit of consuming green leafy vegetables and citrus fruits respectively, at least three times on a usual week. Anemia among children was associated with female gender (adjusted OR 1.53, 95% CI 1.16-2.04), higher age group (adjusted OR 2.24, 95% CI 1.69-2.91) and regular intake of tea/coffee along with major meals (adjusted OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.20-2.04). Anemia among school going children in Ernakulam remains a public health problem and was more among females, higher age groups (12-15 years) and those reported regular intake of tea/coffee along with major meals. The consumption of iron rich foods among the students was poor. Behavior change communication for dietary modification and universal supplementation of iron is warranted.
Cite this Research Publication : Rakesh P. S., Leyanna Susan George, Teena Mary Joy, Sobha George, Renjini, B. A., and Beena, K. V., “Anemia Among School Children in Ernakulam District, Kerala, India”, Indian J Hematol Blood Transfus, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 114-118, 2019.