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Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : Indian Pediatr .
Source : Indian Pediatr, Volume 55, Issue 8, p.683-685 (2018)
Keywords : Child, Preschool, Cross-Sectional Studies, dental caries, female, Humans, India, infant, Logistic Models, male, malnutrition, Risk Factors .
Campus : Kochi
School : School of Dentistry
Department : Public Health Dentistry
Year : 2018
Abstract : OBJECTIVE:To determine the association between early childhood caries and nutritional status in preschool children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study among preschool children (N=550, age 8-60 mo) were selected in tribal, rural and urban health care units of Kerala. An oral examination for early childhood caries status was done using Deft index. The anthropometric measurements were recorded. Multiple logistic regression with other covariates was used to determine the association between the early childhood caries and nutritional status. RESULTS: The mean (SD) Deft scores were 0.93 (1.73), 2.22 (2.92) and 3.40 (3.23) for children with normal nutritional status, borderline undernutrition and undernutrition, respectively. Children with borderline undernutrition (adjusted OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.20, 3.49) or undernutrition (adjusted OR 3.46, 95% CI 1.93, 6.29) had higher odds of dental caries in comparison to those with normal nutritional status. CONCLUSION:Undernutrition is associated with early childhood caries among preschool children.
Cite this Research Publication : Chandrashekar Janakiram, Antony, B., and Joseph, J., “Association of Undernutrition and Early Childhood Dental Caries.”, Indian Pediatr, vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 683-685, 2018.