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Publication Type : Journal Article
Thematic Areas : Medical Sciences
Publisher : The Scientific World Journal,
Source : The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2022, ArticleID 5032881, 9 pages, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/5032881
Campus : Kochi
School : School of Medicine
Department : Biostatistics
Year : 2022
Abstract : There is a scarcity of information available on clinical and laboratory features of adult-onset idiopathic autoimmune uveitis. Therefore, we conducted a single centre descriptive cross-sectional study. Patients and Methods. A chart review of all patients with idiopathic autoimmune uveitis with onset after 18 years of age who were referred to the rheumatology department between January 2017 and December 2018 was performed. Their clinical features, demographic features, and HLA-B genotypes were documented and described. Results. Out of 210 patients referred to rheumatology, 66 were found to have uveitis, and 16 of these had an adult-onset idiopathic autoimmune uveitis. Apart from a slight female preponderance (62.5%), our patients were characterized by a high proportion of panuveitis (4 out of 16, i.e., 25%). There was an increased frequency of occurrence of synechiae (5 out of 16, i.e., 31.3%), retinal vasculitis (4 out of 16, i.e., 25%), optic disc edema (3 out of 16, i.e., 18.8%), and cystoid macular edema (seen in 2 patients, i.e., 12.5%). These features correlated with the anatomical subtypes. Retinal vasculitis and optic disc edema present in three fourth of all panuveitis cases were the most prominent features. The odds of finding HLA-B∗35 in retinal vasculitis were 33 times higher than odds of finding it in idiopathic autoimmune uveitis patients not having retinal vasculitis (OR 33; 95% CI 1.6–698). Conclusion. Idiopathic autoimmune uveitis in our patients is characterized by a high frequency of panuveitis and retinal vasculitis, and complications with a probable association between HLA-B∗35 and retinal vasculitis.
Cite this Research Publication : Jyothi Visalakshy, Sandeep Surendran, Salil Ganu, Kannisha Shah, C. B. Mithun, Vishal Marwaha, Lalitha Biswas, Niveditha Kartha, Gopale Pillai, "Describing the Clinical and Laboratory Features and HLA-B Pattern of Adult-Onset Idiopathic Autoimmune Uveitis at a Tertiary Hospital in South India: A Cross-Sectional Study", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2022, ArticleID 5032881, 9 pages, 2022.