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Publication Type : Journal Article
Publisher : AJR Am J Roentgenol.
Source : AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2021 May;216(5):1273-1282. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.23089. Epub 2021 Mar 3. PMID: 33655772.
Campus : Faridabad
Year : 2021
Abstract : OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of anatomic and technical factors on the long-term outcome of CT-guided lumbar sympathectomy in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Thirty patients (28 men, two women; mean age, 45.8 years) with chronic limb-threatening ischemia and diffuse tibial arterial disease not amenable to revascularization were included. CT-guided lumbar sympathectomy was performed at the L2-L3 level with a 22-gauge Chiba needle and absolute alcohol. Any periprocedural complication was noted. Numeric pain score (1-10 scale) and skin ulcers were assessed before the procedure and 3 weeks, 3 months, and 1 and 2 years after the procedure. According to spread of alcohol, patients were categorized into those with medial spread and those without medial spread (lateral spread group) with the lateral edge of the vertebral body as the reference point. Treatment results were categorized as improved, unchanged, or worsened on the basis of clinical response. RESULTS. There were 22 (73.3%) patients in the medial spread group and eight (26.7%) in the lateral spread group. The mean volumes of alcohol injected per side were not significantly different (p = .50). One major complication occurred in the group with medial spread. Mean numeric pain scores before the procedure and 3 weeks, 3 months, and 1 and 2 years afterward were 7.31, 2.95, 2.47, 2.10, and 2.04 in the medial spread group and 6.25, 4.13, 4.50, 4.35 and 4.32 in the lateral spread group (p < .001). At 2 years, 16 patients in the medial spread group and two patients in the lateral spread group showed clinical improvement (p < .001), and the limb salvage rates were 100% and 87.5%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed a trend in improvement with smoking cessation, but the difference was not statistically significant (p = .15). The direction of spread of the neurolytic agent, however, was a major determinant of outcome. CONCLUSION. CT-guided lumbar sympathectomy is a simple, safe, and effective procedure. Ensuring medial spread of the neurolytic agent significantly improves long-term results.
Cite this Research Publication : Chahal A, Malla S, Sharma S, Chumber S, Madhusudhan KS. CT-Guided Lumbar Sympathectomy as a Last Option for Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia of the Lower Limbs: Evaluation of Technical Factors and Long-Term Outcomes. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2021 May;216(5):1273-1282. doi: 10.2214/AJR.20.23089. Epub 2021 Mar 3. PMID: 33655772.